Termites are mostly available in southern districts of Tamil Nadu such as Tirunelveli, Nagercoil?, Tuticorin, Virudhunagar, Madurai, Ramanathapuram. The atmosphere of southern districts well suited for Termites to live. In Chennai, termites usually reside in wooden furniture, Cupboards of Villas, Apartments and Hotels. Both residential and industrial areas are facing severe problems from Termites. Before controlling Termites in your home try to learn about their Food habits, and social organization. It will help us to control Termites in our area.
What is Termites?
Do you know another name of Termites? Since termites feed from inside of the wood, we can´t find the sign of damage of our wood furniture immediately if that is infected with Termites. That´s why it´s called as "Silent Destroyers"
Food Habits of Termites
Mostly Termites feed cellulose-based plant materials such as dead plants, animal dung. Wooden furniture, drawers, cupboards are made with cellulose base plant materials. These are important foods for termites. Once termites enter in to our furniture, it will give severe structural damage to the furniture.
Life Cycle of Termites
Normally termites live in colonies that may contain millions of termite. A colony contains Queen, King, Workers, Soldiers and nymphs. Sometimes a colony may have several egg-laying queens. A queen termite will lay 20,000 to 30,000 eggs per day at maturity. A queen termite can live up to 45 years. King Termite is used only for mating.
Worker Termites are mainly used for building nests, collecting foods from infested wood and maintaining nest & storage foods.
At the same time Soldiers are giving strength to termite colony. They are safeguard of the colony. They protect colony from Ant attack. Normally the termite protectors have jaw type mouth. The wide range of jaw types available in Soldiers. It prevents ant from entering in to the tunnel.
Types of Termites
Though there are around 20 types of termites found in Tamil Nadu and Chennai, more than 2000 termite types are identified in the world. It can be classified in to four main types.
- 1. Dampwood Termite
- 2. Drywood Termite
- 3. Formosan Termite
- 4. Subterraneans Termite